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Causes of Little Amniotic Water in Pregnant Women and Treatment

There are about 4 percent of pregnant women who experience a little amniotic fluid before delivery. This condition is very dangerous, because amniotic water is needed to protect and support the development of the fetus in the womb. Ideally, the volume of amniotic fluid at 12 weeks gestation is around 60 milliliters (mL). As the fetus develops, the amniotic fluid volume will also continue to increase until the gestational age reaches 34-38 weeks. After that, the amount will decrease. Not all pregnant women have a normal volume of amniotic fluid during pregnancy. There are some pregnant women whose amount of water is too little or is also called oligohydramnios. This condition most often occurs in the last trimester of pregnancy, but does not rule out the lack of amniotic fluid occurring at an earlier gestational age. Causes of Little Amniotic Water Amniotic fluid contains nutrients, hormones, and cells forming the immune system produced by the mother. However, at 20 weeks gestatio
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Recognizing the sense of smell and how to protect it

The sense of smell is one of the five senses that humans have. As part of the human sensory system, the sense of smell plays a role in detecting odors or aromas. The ability to smell can be disrupted if the sense of smell is not properly maintained. Every object, food, or gas around us has a unique chemical structure. When chemicals from these objects are inhaled or smelled, special sensory nerve cells in the nose called olfactory cells will detect them. After that, nerve cells in the nose will transmit odor stimulation signals to the brain for interpretation. Through this process we can smell something. Interference with the sense of smell The sense of smell allows us to distinguish various kinds of scents or odors, for example the aroma of coffee, chocolate, perfume, flowers, to spices. However, our sense of smell can sometimes decrease or even disappear altogether. The following are some types of disorders that can occur in the sense of smell: Hyposmia, which decreases the a

Emergency hypertension, an emergency that must be treated immediately

Emergency hypertension is a condition in which blood pressure soars too high and occurs suddenly. This hypertensive emergency can cause organ damage and even death. Emergency hypertension requires immediate treatment, which is a decrease in blood pressure within minutes or hours. Hypertension emergencies often occur when hypertension is not controlled, or when hypertensive patients do not take the medicine. It could also be due to the habits of patients using over-the-counter medicines, which can worsen high blood pressure. Emergency hypertension is characterized by systolic blood pressure more than 180 mmHg and diastolic more than 120 mmHg. These surges are generally accompanied by severe damage to body organs. As for organ damage related to hypertensive emergencies include: Mental changes, such as confusion. Stroke. Heart failure. Kidney damage. Chest pain (unstable angina attacks). Pulmonary edema. Heart attack. Aneurysm. Eclampsia (in pregnant women). Symptoms of Em